Bail Bondio

Difference Between Bail and Bond

Bail
Bail ordinarily refers to any form of property that is pledged or deposited to court in the act of persuading the release of a suspect from jail. This is on the understanding that the person in question will return for trial or will forfeit the bail. If the suspect does not return for trial, thus the bail being forfeited, he or she will possibly be brought up on new criminal charges of failure to appear. In many cases the money or bail may be returned following the trial if the suspect appears in court. This happens whether or not the suspect is found innocent or guilty of the accused crime.

Bond
In many cases a bondsman is issued in the need of a surety bond. Bondsmen can be "purchased" for a fee that is non-refundable. In this case the fee for the bond is the same fee as the insurance policy obtained. In these cases bonds are contracts between different parties where the obligee asks the principal to perform duties according to a contract, and a bond is issued by the surety.

Granting Bail
Granting bail is common in the United States. However bail may not be offer by certain courts under particular circumstances, such as if the suspect is consider unlikely to appear for court. Those without bail are imprisoned until the named court date. Some legislatures even set apart certain crimes to be un-bailable, like capital crimes.

Forms of Bail
The United States uses six different forms of bail, which vary according to jurisdiction.

Recognizance Bail is when a suspect is released on recognizance with the promise to appear in court and to not participate in further illegal activity or prohibited conducts as explained by the court. The amount of bail is monetary and is not paid by the defendant unless forfeited by the court.

Citation Release Bail is when an arresting officer gives issuance to a suspect to inform him or her that he or she must appear at the appointed court date. These are also called Cite Outs and occur automatically after a suspect is arrested.

A Surety Bond is issued through a third party who agrees to be responsible for the obligation of the suspect. This is usually done by a bail bondsman with ten percent of the bail received up front, even if the suspect refuses to appear in court. Bondsmen post bonds for the amount of the bails with the guarantee that the suspect will appear in court. For a contracted fee, the bondsmen agree to pay whether or not a suspect appears in court.

Real property is pledged on the behalf of an accused suspect in a Property Bond. The real property has a value that is equal or more than the amount of the bail. The state can levy against the property to recover the bail if the suspect does not appear in court. This levy is rarely used and is only in certain circumstances.

Sometimes a cash only policy is given where the court will only accept cash bonds, which requires the suspect to post the entire bail in cash form. The money is held through the court until the closing of the case.

Courts sometimes allow the Combination Bail of cash bond or bail to be posted at once. Conditions are set to ensure court attendance.

Other resources
How do bail bonds work
Bail Bond Rules
Bail Bond Reduction
DUI Penalties External link (opens in new window)
Bartow County Jail Inmates External link (opens in new window)
Massachusetts Felony External link (opens in new window)